How to Repair Scratched and Damaged Photographs
We’ve all got old photographs lying around the house somewhere. Whether they are baby picture of you, your parents, or your great great grandparents, at some point they begin to scratch and damage. If you’ve ever pulled them out and attempted to scan them for whatever use you have probably learned that the images didn’t turn out so well. Although this may be a problem it can be easily fixed with the use of image editing programs such as Adobe Photoshop.
The main problem with the dust and scratches on your image is that even if they aren’t severe they take away and distract from the image itself. That’s why you can use a few handy tools located inside Adobe Photoshop in order to create an image that looks almost new again. To start with the editing process you can try using the Clone Stamp Tool. This tool is by far one of the most widely used tools for photo repair. The Clone Stamp will sample a part of an image and allow you to paint other areas of your image with that sampled area. This is perfect for the small scratches inside a solid colored area. This tool does have some limitations though and you may find it doesn’t work for your particular image. This is when you can move to trying the Marquee and Lasso Selection Tools.
This method is one of the most basic answers to your problem. The marquee and lasso select tools will allow you so specifically select a certain area of your image that you will want to use. You are then able to copy and paste this selected area to anywhere on your image. This can allow you to quickly cover up any distracting blemish on an image and is very helpful with covering up a large area. This can even be used to erase unwanted objects located in your image. If this isn’t in depth enough we can move on to the method of using the Eraser and Brush tools.
This is a method that will take you a lot of time to complete but can end up looking the best in the end. It will require you to do exactly what you are thinking you are going to do, erase and redraw every little damaged area. The Eraser and Brush tools can be a double edged sword. Although this may be a method that works nicely you will find that with very large jobs it is just out of the question. You will spend days fine tuning all the areas of an image. Unless you have a small amount of fixes or a lot of time on your hands you will want to opt out of the Eraser and Brush tool for the much easier Healing Brush and Spot Healing Brush.
The Healing Brush and Spot Healing Brush work by taking samples of existing parts in your image and then tying it into the general appearance of the surrounding areas. This method can work quite well for most fix jobs as the tool itself makes the brush strokes much more invisible. You can rest assured that if you have done the process right, nobody will ever be able to see what you have done. Although this method may work quite well for some it will also have a hard time with others. If the image is very noisy with many colors you may have a hard time properly using it.